Elizabeth I

Queen of England and Ireland, 1558 –1603

When she became queen in 1558, her country was poor, torn apart by religious squabbles, and a second rate power in the world. When she died in 1603, England was one of the most affluent and powerful countries in the world. She succeeded in uniting her people in a world that was divided by religious conflict. She gained the popularity and affection of her people and managed to retain this even when she was in her declining years.​

The defeat of the Armada was her finest hour and has gone down in history as one of the greatest English victories at sea. She encouraged trades in London, the foreign exchange, and learning skills from foreign refugees. 

‘I count the glory of my crown that I have reigned with your love.’ 

She ruled alone for nearly half a century, lending her name to a glorious epoch in world history. Elizabethan Age, when England asserted itself vigorously as a major European power in politics, commerce, and the arts.

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SANTA MONICA, CALIFORNIA

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